Septic System For Homeowners. How your septic system works and how to keep it working. Eljen is here to guide you.
Septic System For Homeowners
No one budgets for a septic system failure. A new residential septic system can cost anywhere from $4,000 to more than $20,000 to install. If the system is not maintained, the soil around the system could become clogged causing sewage to overflow on to the ground or back up into the house. Bottom line, rebuilding a failed septic system is an expensive burden on the homeowner.
Preventing a septic system failure is easier and more affordable than it is to correct. By keeping harmful materials out of the system and by pumping out the septic tank at least every three years, the homeowner can protect their system against premature failure. The minimum cost of having the septic tank pumped is wise insurance to protect your homes wastewater system.
This manual outlines the principles of septic system operations and explains the basic maintenance procedures that will lengthen the life of your system. If properly operated and maintained, your Eljen wastewater system can provide many years of trouble-free service.
Positively impact to your system
Eljen Corporation has over 35 years of success in the onsite wastewater industry. Our products are recognized by regulatory officials and experts in the industry as some of the most reliable wastewater treatment technologies in the marketplace today.
Our main product lines are alternative drainfield or leachfield technologies, meaning that they come after a septic tank to disperse wastewater. Our products are used typically when there is not enough space for a conventional stone and pipe system, or if a certain treatment level is needed. The system area depends on how many bedrooms your home has, state or local regulations, and site characteristics (what kind of soils, where the water table is, and if there is another limiting factor like bedrock/ledgerock).
Homeowners service area
Eljen GSF System
The Eljen GSF Geotextile Sand Filter system is a cost-effective upgrade from other septic technologies. Unlike other systems that treat effluent only once, the GSF’s patented Bio-Matt™ pre-treatment process treats septic effluent twice. That means that the soil can absorb the effluent more easily, resulting in a better-performing system in a smaller area than other systems.
Eljen Mantis System
The Eljen Mantis Series is a wastewater dispersal and disposal technology that applies clarified effluent to the native soil through a proprietary filtering process. The Mantis protects the native soils long term acceptance rate by keeping the biological growth off the native soils and within the Mantis units. The Mantis utilizes 3-D Mini-Trenches™ to improve effluent quality resulting in greater performance, reliability, and ease of operation.
The Nature of Household Sewage
Household sewage is a combination of wastewater from several sources including sinks, toilets, showers, washing machines, dishwashers, and garbage disposals. The largest source of household sewage may vary depending upon the number of residents and water-using appliances within the home. Organic matter comes mostly from toilets and garbage disposals, while sinks, showers, and washing machines contribute large amounts of wastewater containing only small amounts of soap and dirt (including grease, detergents, lint,
and vegetable matter).
NOTE: Most states require much larger septic tanks and even larger system sizes of garbage disposals are used.
How much water do we use?
Source: Water Research Foundation, Residential End Uses of Water, version 2, 2016
A septic system is traditionally composed of a septic tank and a wastewater disposal system buried in the ground. It may have filters, pumps, distribution boxes and other components depending on the location and system demands. The sewage generally flows by gravity: first into the septic tank where larger particles settle out and primary treatment takes place, and then into the wastewater disposal system or drain field where it is further remediated and slowly absorbed into the soil.
During a Title 5 inspection, these components will be inspected for potential problems or damage.
Tested for Proven Performance
The Eljen GSF system technology is based on research conducted by nationally recognized engineering scientists from the University of Connecticut. Eljen Corporation has over 50 years of success in the onsite industry, with over a hundred thousand systems currently in use. The GSF is recognized by regulatory officials and experts in the industry as one of the most reliable wastewater treatment technologies in the marketplace today.
The GSF technology is based on scientific principles which state that improved effluent quality provides increased soil absorption rates. GSF’s proprietary two-stage Bio-Matt™ pre-filtration process improves effluent quality while increasing reliability and ease of operation.